Expertise

The UK's Daily Mail reporting is shoddy at best and their content can be malicious. They make basic factual errors and aren't keen to correct mistakes. That is probably a given and I'm pretty used to the baseline level of distaste I have towards them. However, today I got much more annoyed that usual when they heavily implied that two astronomers were invited onto the BBC's Newsnight (a 10.30pm news programme) to talk about the recent BICEP2 cosmology results because of their gender and/or nationality.

The Daily Mail opinion piece specifically mentions the genders of Dr Maggie Aderin-Pocock and Dr Hiranya Peiris. It contrasts them to the genders and nationalities that the writer assumed for the BICEP2 team. Why do this? What relevance do the gender and nationality (or race) have to do with their ability to talk on the subject? The Daily Mail piece doesn't mention the gender or nationalities of the three other astronomers that were on the Newsnight BICEP2 item. The expertise or presence of those astronomers wasn't questioned based on their genders or nationalities. In fact, they weren't mentioned in the Daily Mail piece at all. By omitting to mention the three male contributors, it left readers with the impression that men were somehow discriminated against. This fits the distorted reality of the Daily Mail (and a false but popular narrative that men are being oppressed) who clearly want to make a political point against the Newsnight Editor. The implication that the women were only there because they were women is demonstrably false (see below). The implication that only women were on this piece, is also false.

Let's get some things straight. It is OK to ask if people are qualified to talk about a complex topic. It is not OK to only challenge the scientific qualifications of people of one gender, of one race, or any other irrelevant physical characteristic. That is discrimination however you dress it up.

For the record, Dr Aderin-Pocock is an astronomer and space technology engineer who has worked on Gemini/JWST and co-presents the BBC's Sky At Night. Dr Peiris is a cosmologist who has worked on the two big cosmology space missions of this millennium; WMAP and Planck. She has worked on Herschel-SPIRE. She is a provisional member of the Dark Energy Survey. She is PI on large research grants. She has had a Hubble Postdoctoral Fellowship, an STFC Advanced Fellowship, and won a bunch of prizes. If that doesn't make her qualified to comment about her own area of expertise on a general news program, what does exactly? Both are more than qualified to be on Newsnight talking about astronomy/cosmology.

There is an excellent open letter from the Vice-Provost for Research at UCL to the Editor of the Daily Mail, Paul Dacre which I saw via a rightly outraged Chris Lintott. Kudos to UCL for defending their research staff against discriminatory pot shots from newspaper commentators.

I'd write to the Press Complaint's Commission but it looks as though the Editor of the Daily Mail is the Chair of the PCC Code Committee so the chances of him enforcing something against himself seem a little slim.

Update 2014/03/21: How wrong could one short article be? As well as the things I mention above, I should have also taken issue with the Daily Mail claiming that the BICEP2 team were "(white, male) American". Here is a picture of some of the BICEP2 team. They are clearly not all men and white. I even know two of the team based at Cardiff University (in Wales). Finally, the Daily Mail actually quoted Dr Peiris in an article a few days before but "Ephraim Hardcastle" (alter ego of Peter MacKay) didn't use that to claim bias at the Daily Mail. So the evidence points to lies and racist statements for political point scoring.

Posted in astro blog by Stuart on Thursday 20th Mar 2014 (16:40 GMT) | Permalink

Multi-wavelength Universe Activity

When you look up at objects in the night sky you only see part of the picture; you see visible light. In reality, the universe is emitting light at a huge range of wavelengths from radio waves to gamma rays and everything in between. It is important for astronomers to compare the light of each type from an object such as a star or a galaxy as that tells us huge amounts about their composition and conditions.

To help students explore the multi-wavelength nature of astronomical objects, the UK Herschel website has a multi-wavelength universe activity with a bunch of educational resources for teachers. The activity was originally written in Flash and Chris North recently asked me to convert it to Javascript/HTML to make it easier to update and so that it would work on devices that don't support Flash (e.g. iPads/iPhones). In refreshing it I also made it responsive (it should reformat itself for narrow devices such as smart phones) and built in support for different languages (you'll be able to use it in Welsh at some point soon).

We made the whole thing open source and, if you've checked out a copy from Github, you can even run in a browser locally without needing an internet connection.

Let us know what you think. Please report bugs via Github or tell me on Twitter.

Posted in astro blog by Stuart on Wednesday 12th Mar 2014 (13:22 GMT) | Permalink
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